区域中心

如何具备资格

区域中心是由美国本土商人创办,有时候会与当地政府机构合作,从而为现有或计划中的商业风险项目吸引投资资金。美国永久居民的额外好处是让中心可以吸引外国投资者,即使财政回报不高。这些投资可以是任何合法的业务,形式十分多元化。

目前的区域中心

现在有超过200个USCIS指定的区域中心。投资范围遍及商业房地产到太阳能工厂。但是,大多数都没有可查记录,因此似乎不能吸引投资者对整个领域进行调研。这些新创办的中心依靠外国中介从海外销售活动中挖掘投资者,而某个特定的中心则是这些投资者的唯一代表。查阅所有区域中心清单,请点击此处

Immigration Petition Statistics


DISCLAIMER: The table above shows regional center management teams with approved I-829 petitions. The information is based largely on unverified self-reporting by the management teams, and we make no representations as to the accuracy or completeness of the information shown above; and as a result, we shall not be liable to any individuals or legal entities directly or indirectly, whatsoever, for false, misleading or inaccurate information regarding EB-5 regional centers or management teams contained on this web site. You should also be aware that information presented above changes over time, and what you see above is merely a snapshot of the information provided by the a regional center management team at an earlier moment in time. Reliable information on the center projects may only be obtained by review of the private placement documents which the center project managers release only to accredited investors and their representatives. We provide the limited information available on this site solely as an aid to investors as they begin their initial review of the various centers’ projects.

Risk Characteristics

The factors below point to issues which may create risk of 1) loss of principal, or 2) failure to receive unconditional lawful permanent residence status (click on titles to see sub-issues).
Our firm will evaluate:

Legal Risks

Job-Creation Methodology
  • RIMSII vs. IMPLAN vs. REMI
  • Historical record with USCIS
  • Past problems encountered with job creation methodology
  • Conformance with 12/3/10 letter from USCIS regarding job creation outside geographic area
  • Likelihood of USCIS challenge to job creation plan
Material Changes in Project Plan
  • USCIS definition
  • Material changes in past
  • Review of current business plan
  • Review of contingency plans
Targeted Employment Area
  • Center’s definition of geographic area(s) in Approval Letter
  • Risk of unemployment statistic changes in targeted employment area
  • Risk factors of unemployment statistic changes in U.S. affecting targeted employment area
Securities Law Compliance
  • Management of agents and salespersons for “Regulation D” compliance
  • Management of prohibition against “general solicitation or advertising” by Regional Center
  • Policy on finder’s fees to agents in U.S. who are not registered with SEC
Litigation
  • Pending lawsuits against the Center, its principals or projects
  • Pending lawsuits initiated by Center
  • History of SEC or other regulatory agency problem
  • Insurance coverage
Systemic Risks
  • Changes in U.S. tax law
  • Changes in U.S. immigration law
  • Prospects for Pilot Program renewal in 2012
Immigration Petition History of Center
  • I-526 petitions approved/pending/denied
  • I-829 petitions approved/pending/denied
  • Review of USCIS Requests for Additional Evidence
  • Review of USCIS denial letters
  • Relevance of past history to future performance

Financial Risks

Equity vs. Loan Based Investment
  • Pluses and minuses of each investment type
  • Investment period and exit opportunities
  • Risk factors compared
Evaluation of Principals
  • History, background and credentials
  • Dun & Bradstreet report
  • Experience with job creation
  • Experience with U.S. immigration
  • Experience with securities law compliance
  • Affiliated immigration attorney
  • Affiliated securities  attorney
Organization Issues
  • Limited partnership vs. limited liability company, strengths and weaknesses
  • Voting rights of partners/members
  • Personnel turnover last two years
Financial Strength of Underlying Business Entity
  • Debt/Equity ratio
  • Net Worth Statement
  • Balance Sheets
  • Cash Flow Statement
  • Operating profit (EBIT and EBITDA)
  • Strategic relationships
  • Bankruptcy risk
Competition Risks
  • Evaluation of major competitors
  • Market trends
  • Restrictions against general partner competing with individual projects
Financial Transparency
  • Investor access to net worth and cash flow statements and other financial documents
  • Frequency of reports to partners/members
Exit Strategy
  • Time period until investment may be liquidated
  • Mechanism(s) for liquidating investment
  • % of investment recovered by previous investors
  • Investor options if job creation goals aren’t met
Yield on Investment
  • Historic rate of return to investors
  • Current year rate of return to investors
Operating History of Current Project
  • Funding secured to date % of total needed
  • Number of investors to date % of total needed

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